Evolution of Myanmar Painting

myanmar paintIf you study the evolution of the art of Myanmar painting, notice that the first works of art on the walls of the cave Pyadarlin express the social life of men in prehistoric caves. Before medicine, art and technology is fully developed; these people have done their best to express their lifestyle visually.

Srikshetra in the period (the period Pyu), decorative art could be more common in ornaments, clothes and utensils of the population, especially the parts of Pyu, beads and pottery. In the eleventh century, Theravada Buddhism or Hinayana south of Thaton and Thuwunna received Bonmu prospered in the kingdom of Bagan. The king of Bagan and his disciples built many pagodas and stupas. On the walls of pagodas, Buddha’s life described in the Jataka tales five hundred and fifty they are portrayed as tribute to religious buildings. In those days, murals were most important art style Palla flourishing in the southern part of the functionality India. Then the art of mural painting was given to periods of Sagaing, Pinnya, Innwa and Konbaung respectively. In the period Konbaung, a typical period of Myanmar, court artists were appointed to draw or paint royal ceremonies and Jataka stories on palm leaf. Chone Sayar, Sayar Saw, Sayar Sayar Meitta Kha Ni and Nandi were the greatest artists of the time.

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In the period Konbaung later, the British colonial forces invaded Myanmar. Artists of the British army following recorded the foundation plans, secondary plans, sections and perspectives of the ancient pagodas of Bagan. They also painted the tropical environment Myanmar naturally. This marked the introduction of the style of Western art in the style of the traditional art of Myanmar.

During the reign of King Mindon, as a sign of mutual goodwill between Colombia and Myanmar, a group of foreign envoys in the palace. The group included British artists led by Henry Yule. Artists of the Court of Myanmar and British artists learned from each other painting styles. Thus, the traditional art of Myanmar nature painting was completed using light and shadow, natural perspective and volume. The traditional style is exemplified in the work of artists of Myanmar court. Including Chone Sayar, U Nyunt Kyar, Nandi Meitta Sayar Ni, the portrait Bawdigon Sayar Aye Chan Kwan Saw Gon Sayar, Kyauk Sayar, Mya Shwe Pyi Sayar Gyi, Sayar Kha Sayar Ni, U Saw Maung and U Chit Myae all paintings Jataka painted them. The story of Buddha’s many lives based on the Jataka tales in great detail expressed real customs, costumes, buildings, elephants, horses and how to wear clothes through the ages. Each of the great artists of Jataka was an expert in how property.

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The British occupied the whole of Myanmar. Artist Sir Gerald Kelly, JR Talbot Kelly and Middleton finished paintings and reproductions of watercolor landscape in Myanmar oil. Sir Gerald Kelly painted portraits sisters Theinni Bwar Saw, Saw Ohn Nyunt and Ma Aye. In the book, Talbot Kelly represents Myanmar watercolor landscapes. The water color paintings were unique and attractive. In 1918, British officials such as Martin Jones Railroad Commissioner, Mr. Ward Yangon University Physics Department and Commissioner Mr. Kinch established Art Club in Yangon in Burma. They formed the partnership with artists Ba U Zaw Myanmar, U Nyan Ba, U Dun Thar Hla Tun U, and U Ba Kyi Sayar Saung. In the building Burma Art Club, where they are united forever dead and the portrait. They also have the exterior and interior paints weekend. The art club pays much attention to the system and method in the art of painting.

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Two famous artists, U and U Ba Ba Nyan Zaw, who were members of the Art Club of Burma, were sent to England for further studies. Ba U Zaw was skillful in water color painting. When U Ba Nyan back from abroad, he conveyed his knowledge of the art of U San Win, U Ba Kyi, U Ngwe Saung Gaing and Sayar. They have become experts in their own oil or watercolor.

myanmar paintingIn 1930, led by Mr. Morris Collis official English and Dee Doke U Ba Cho, U Hla Tun artists, U Ba Sein, U and U Ba Ba Nyan lonely formed the Association of Traditional Arts. In 1932 he organized an exhibition of traditional art on the first floor of the Scott Market (now called Gyoke Bo Aung San Market).

After World War II broke out. The Art School of Government and music, opened in 1930, now moved from Yangon to Sit KWin. Under Japanese rule in Myanmar, the department of military affairs, led by U Ngwe it Gaing formed. During the, art exhibitions of Japanese occupation, could not be held at all. In 1946, the Japanese surrendered and an art club and the English army Art Club Burma jointly participated in the post-war art exhibition (Art Exhibition Services) held in Western gardens Shwedagon pagoda Yangon and other places. In addition, the Union held Culture Art and Photography Exhibition and competition for three consecutive years. In 1946, U Ba Kyi chaired Associated Artists of the organization of Burma.

In 1952, the National School of Fine Arts (Yangon) and the National School of Plastic Arts (Mandalay) were opened. In Yangon, U Khin Maung acted as director. Art instructors were U Thein Han, Mr. Tin Aye T, U and U Ba Kyaw Myat Lay Lone. In Mandalay, U Nyunt Sein was director and instructors were U Ba Thet, U Aye, U Nyunt and U Chit Myae Kan. In 1952, the National Museum began buying and collection of national paintings. Great artists U San Win and U Ohn Lwin showed their skills in the art of mosaic art at the Institute of Medicine and the Institute of Technology Nat Mauk.

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In 1992, as an event, art and amazing and unique sculpture Burma Council, it has been dissolved and replaced by artists and craftsmen Myanmar traditional Organization (Centro), composed of skilled artists and workers. In 1998, under the patronage of the Ministry of Culture, the organization held the All Myanmar art and sculpture exhibition. The exhibition was held in the Art Gallery at the National Museum, with 936 paintings and 53 works of sculpture. These art exhibitions across Myanmar, as well as individual and group exhibitions, are growing in number each year.


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