That Byin Nyu Temple in Bagan

that byin nyu templeThatbyinnyu was built by King Alaung Sithu in the year 1144. It is the tallest structure in Bagan. There is a traditional rhyme sung by people of Bagan, which says:

“Massiveness is Dhammayan Gyi, Sublimity is Thatbyinnyu, Grace is Ananda.”

Dhammayan Gyi temple is the largest massive size Thatbyinnyu is the highest height, and Ananda Temple is the most gracious with all the artistic decorations. Thatbyinnyu, from bottom to top is 201 feet high.
The name “Thatbyinnyu” is an original name. It is one of the attributes of the Lord Buddha. “Thatbyinnyu” means “Omniscience” the Lord Buddha attained to become enlightened. In the temple are Corri-vaulted circumambulatory sleep, four terraces stupa devotion, vihara (monastery) and the library. It is a large complex structure with seven terraces while facing the east.

On the roof there is a large statue of Buddha of brick and plaster, seated on a lotus throne. His head was damaged by an earthquake in 1975. A statue of Buddha dolomite was discovered inside the damaged head. It is now on display at the Archaeological Museum, Bagan. As with the temple Dhammayan Gyi, brick technique that is used in Thatbyinnyu it was excellent. The brick walls of the upper terrace were placed horizontally and vertically in a alter¬nate style. When the earthquake in 1975 tinkled some plaster on the walls of the image of the house we found that the stone bricks were used in these walls up to 8 feet high.

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In each corner of the square of stone like structure carpenter they were inserted to reinforce. In almost all vaulted sandstone section placed between the bricks to be the cornerstone. The image high arches of the house are not vain Gambrel beams of wood or iron, only the segments are used. Here stone bricks were also used at equal intervals with the primary key in the central top of the block period which radiate all the bricks in the period. In fact, this is a wonderful architectural technique of ancient Bagan. For durability of all the terraces of the structure they are made curvilinear. Down in the north, south and west sides are large Buddha statues made of brick and cement. They are original. Seventeen other images are added later. On the ceiling and walls of arcades in the west entrance are original murals. A set of footprints of Buddha and the image of Brahma and Sakka pay homage to the Buddha found in the ceiling. In addition, it backdrops ornamental stucco and fine throne.

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There is a pagoda in the cave in the northeast of the station. It is traditionally known as “Tally Pagoda”. It is said that to 10,000 bricks used in the construction of a brick Thatbyinnyu set aside for counting the total number of bricks used in the whole structure. The “Tally Pagoda” was built from bricks kept aside. In the southeast of large stone up two posts supporting the cross bar in which a bronze bell of extraordinary size once was hanged. The bell was dedicated by King Alaung Sithu to Thatbyinnyu. The bell was gone. In the capitals of the two stone posts are floral motifs carved in stone.

The large bell was destroyed long ago. Judging by the space of 18 feet between the two terminals of stone, the bell must having the diameter of at least 15 feet, in which case it could be larger than the bell Mingun size otherwise by weight.

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Thatbyinnyu is located in the southeast corner of the city wall. There was a wall, I encircle. Now that the arched door of the north wall remains. In 1990, when the site was excavated in the west of the arched gate, the base of the fence of the wall was discovered. It seems that at some point of the fallen bricks for use in repairing the walls of the city wall were taken, as it was found that some bricks in the walls of the city were the same size that Thatbyinnyu bricks.


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